Tag Archives: Notes

Speaking IV: Interviews

8 May

Next Week’s Assignment: Speaking IV Job Interview Directions

Interviewing is a great skill to have to practice communication. Open, clear communication is important for both qualitative research and teaching.

Role of Interviewer:

  • Ask questions. Challenge them, but don’t scare them
  • React. Ask follow up questions and go with the flow
  • Limit closed ended questions, use open ended questions
    • “Do you agree?” “Yes” = Closed ended question
    • “How do you feel about…?” = Open ended question
  • Great interviewers are great listeners

Role of Interviewee:

  • Prepare an idea, but don’t memorize. Speak naturally
  • Use gestures and body language to interest your interviewer and audience
  • Be conversational and relaxed, but keep your answers focused

4 Principles:

1. Prepare carefully, familiarize yourself with the interviewee

2. Establish a good relationship with the interviewee

3. Ask questions that are relevant and will make the interviewee want to talk

4. Listen and respond. Pay attention to what your interviewee has to say


Remember: Body language can be just as important as verbal language. Look at your interviewee. Does s/he look uncomfortable? Sad? Nervous? Angry? Confident? Adapt the interview accordingly.


Speaking IV Notes: Advertising Tools and Tricks

24 Apr

Charts and Graphs: Pictorial evidence to influence the shopper


Company A’s sales increased, rose, soared, surged [more extreme], rocketed [most extreme], etc.

Company B’s sales decreased, fell, dropped, plummeted [extreme], etc.

Company C’s sales stayed flat, remained constant, held steady, etc.


Company A’s sales sped up while Company B’s sales slowed down.


Company B has the highest consumer satisfaction rating, while Company C has the lowest consumer satisfaction rating.

*Note: These are generic graphs. Always be sure to label the x-axis, y-axis, and data, as well as the units of the data.

Slogans:  A short memorable phrase used in advertising

  • I’m lovin’ it. [McDonald’s]
  • Live, love, laugh [Blackberry]
  • Drivers wanted [Volkswagen]


Logos: A symbol or small design used to identify a product



Surveys and Studies: Positive results are used to help sell the product

  • Examples: 4 out of 5 dentists prefer Colgate toothpaste.

              9 out of 10 moms choose Dove’s body wash



Before and After: Used to show the effectiveness of the product




“Satisfaction guaranteed or your money back!”

Speaking IV Notes: Persuasive Speaking

3 Apr

Persuasive Speaking Graded Assignment: Promoting a Product

Speaking IV Persuasive Speaking 


Persuasive speaking leads the audience make a choice or form an opinion.

Informational Speaking only teaches, telling about all the choices and opinions. Persuasive speaking directs the audience to a certain choice or opinion.

3 Kinds of Persuasion:

-Questions of Fact (True or False)

  • Example: Global warming will destroy the earth.

-Questions of Value (Good or Bad)

  • Example: Riding your bicycle is better for the environment than driving.

-Questions of Policy (Laws; Rules)

  • Example: The government should fine companies who emit fossil fuels.

Goal: By the end, you want the audience to agree with you or believe you.

  • Call to Action (“Go vote for me today!”)
  • Passive Agreement

Methods of Persuasion– How do you change audience opinion?

  1. Pathos- Emotional Appeal
  2. Logos- Rational Appeal (2+2=4)
  3. Ethos- Credibility Appeal
    • Supporting Materials- Examples, Statistics, Testimonials
    • BEWARE of Leaps in Logic (Generalizations, Stereotypes, etc.)

Format– How do you organize your persuasive speech?

  • Problem
  • Cause
  • Solution (s)


  1. Attention
  2. Need (Problem)
  3. Satisfaction (Solutions)
  4. Visualization (The Plan)
  5. Action (Motivational Closing)

(Called Monroe’s Motivated Sequence)

Speaking II Notes: Week 5

30 Mar

-Accepting Invitations:

Person 1: Hey Dila. I’m having a party on Saturday night. I really hope/wish you would come.

Person 2: I have been very busy lately. Let me check the calendar. Hm…Actually, it looks like I am free on Saturday.

Person 1: Great. Do you promise to come?

Person 2: Of course. Can I help you with anything?

Person 1: Could you bring some dessert?

Person 2: I’ll bring dessert only if I can buy it because I don’t know how to bake.

Person 1: Yeah, no problem. See you at 8 on Saturday.

Person 2: I can’t wait.

-Declining Invitations:

Person 1: Did you hear? Dila is throwing a party on Saturday night. She told me you can come.

Person 2: I can’t decide. It sounds like fun but I have to be up really early on Saturday morning. Maybe I should stay at home.

Person 1: I really wish you would change your mind/reconsider. It will only be fun if you are there.

Person 2: I’m sorry. I just don’t think I can. I promise to hang out with you both next weekend. In fact, how about next weekend we all go to the beach together?

Person 1: Okay. That sounds good. I hope you get some rest.

Person 2: Thanks and tell Dila thank you for the invite/invitation.

In, At, On

  • 1. The party is __ON_ Saturday night.
  • 2. Do we have enough space __IN__ the house?
  • 3. The event starts ___AT__ 8 o’clock.
  • 4. What food should we put __ON_ the table?
  • 5. We can put the stereo __AT__ the bottom of the stairs.
  • 6. Look at the tickets. What row are we sitting __IN__?
  • 7. The directions to the wedding say “Turn left __AT__ the light.”
  • 8. We usually have a barbeque __IN___ June.
  • 9. Her apartment is __ON__ the right side of the street.
  • 10. Who is _AT__ the door? It must be one of our guests.
  • Bonus: When will the bridal shower be held? It will be held _ON_ April 7th.
  • Bonus: The party will be held __ON/AT_ the beach.
  • Bonus: What will we do _ AT_ the party?

Tag Questions

For a great explanation of tag questions, visit this website: http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verbs-questions-tag.htm

Speaking IV Notes: Narrative Speaking

30 Mar

In basic terms, Narrative Speaking is Storytelling. Both need certain elements:

Sequencing: Both narrative speeches and stories should have a beginning (introduction), plot (body), and an ending (conclusion).  Both should contain transitions so that the audience can better follow or understand.

Details and Examples: Every good story or speech needs great content to keep the audience interested. If you were to make a graph of your speech, it should look something like this:

But wait there’s more!

In order to make your speeches even better you can use some tools or Literary Devices to grab the audience’s attention. Here are some great examples using “friendship” as our topic:

-Imagery: Language that creates vivid images or brings to mind a picture. Uses the senses: smells, sights, sounds, tastes and feelings. Ex. Our friendship was always stormy. When we fought, it was like thunder and lightning.

-Rhetorical Question: A question that doesn’t need an answer, but wants to call attention to something. Ex. Where would we be without friends?

-Metaphor/Simile: A comparison between 2 things. Ex. My friend is like a lamp. When I am lost in the dark, she lights my way.

-Repetition: Saying a phrase or a word over and over again. Ex. Friends ‘til the end. Even if we moved away from each other, we’d always be friends ‘til the end.

-Idiom: An expression that has 2 meanings: a literal meaning and a figurative meaning. Ex. My friend took care of me even when I was sick as a dog.

-Allusion: A reference to something or somebody famous. Ex. Batman and Robin were the best of friends.

You can pick and choose the best literary devices for your speech to make it better. Don’t include all of them! Instead, find the ones the fit the best.

Finally, one of the best ways to begin a speech is through storytelling. This is called telling an anecdote.

Anecdote: A small, short story that relates to your overall speech or theme.

So, not only is storytelling like narrative speaking, but you can use storytelling to start any kind of speech.

Speaking II Notes- Weeks 3&4

23 Mar

Growing Up:

· I was born on/in…

· I was raised by….

· I grew up in….

· I had many toys including….

· During my childhood, I remember when…

· My parents did not allow me to…

· I got along with….

· I was a _______ child.

· I have _____ siblings.

· I had to do chores like…

· I went on a school field trip to…

· I used school supplies such as…

· I did extracurricular activities like…

Talking About the Weather

How is the weather? / What’s it like out[side]?

  • It is 20 degrees.
  • It is raining.
  • It is rainy.
  • There is heavy/light rain.
  • It is rain.

You can also say: Conditions are bad/good/cloudy/sunny.

What’s the weather forecast [prakiraan cuaca]?

  • They are calling for blue skies.
  • They are predicting blue skies.
  • There will be blue skies.
  • It will be blue skies. 
  • It will be [adjective]. For example, it will be snowy, sunny, cloudy, etc.

Will it rain?

  • It will likely rain.
  • It will probably rain.
  • There is a __ chance of rain.


-It will be 20 until to 24 degrees.

-The weather will get more worse. 

-We had better to wear a scarf and bring an umbrella.

-I am report reporting from ABC news. Now I want to reporting report about…